Q18. Explain briefly hardware and software.
Hardware represents the physical and tangible (touchable) components of the computer that is, the components that can be seen and touched. Or we can say that collectively, the electronic, electrical and mechanical equipment that makes up a computer is called Hardware. Input devices, output devices, CPU, floppy disk, hard disk etc. are examples of computer hardware.
Software represents the set of programs that govern the operation of a computer system and make the hardware run.
Software can be broadly classified into two categories:
(a) System Software,
(b) Application Software.