History of Java.

Q2. Briefly write the history of Java.

Ans. Originally, Java started as an elite project (code named Green) to find a way of allowing different electronic devices such as TV-top boxes and controllers to use a common language.This language for electronic devices was originally named Oak (later named as Java) but failed to find a niche despite its potential.

The history of Java can be as follows:

1991- James Gosling Develops Oak (later renamed Java) language for programming intelligent consumer electronic devices.

1993- World Wide Web explodes

1995- Java formally announced and Incorporated into Netscape web browser.

1996-

  • Java Development Kit (jdk)1.0 ships
  • JavaBeans component architecture Corel Office for Java Preview.
  • Sun announces JavaStation Network Computer
  • Sun announces 100% Pure Java initiative.

1997- 

  • JDK 1.1 launched.
  • Java Servlet API released.

1998-

  • JDK 1.2  launched.
  • Sun introduces Community Source “open” licensing.
  • Sun produces a JDK 1.2 for Linux.

1999-2001-

  • JDK 1.3 released. JDK’s also produced by IBM on multiple platforms.
  • Java based Application Servers (BEA, IBM webSphere etc.) become popular.
  • J2EE (Java 2 Enterprise Edition), J2SE (Java 2 Standard Edition), J2ME (Java 2 Micro Edition) appear.

2002- Java support for Web services officially released via the Java Web Services Developer Pack.

2005- Java Enterprise System 2005Q4 released.

2006- The Netbeans IDE 5.0 is released. Java SE and ME initial components are released as open source.

 

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