Q21. What do you understand by the term ‘Super Computers’? Give the name of a supercomputer installed in India.
Ans. Super computers are the most powerful computers among digital computers. These consist of several processors running together thereby making them immensely faster and powerful. These computers are capable of handling huge amounts of calculations that are beyond human capabilities. Super computers can perform billions of instructions per second. Some of the today’s super computers have the computing capability equal to that of 40,000 micro computers. A Japanese super-computer has calculated the value of Pi (π) to 16 million decimal places. These are mainly used in application like weather forecasting, nuclear science research, aerodynamic modeling, seismology, metro-logy etc.
Following are a few names of supercomputers installed in India:
- CRAY XMP-14 brought from US.
- Flosolver Mk3 is in use at the Centre for Atmospheric Sciences of the Indian Institute of Science (IISc), Bangalore.
- PACE (Processor for Aerodynamic Computation and Evaluation), develop by the Hyderabad-based Advanced Numerical Research and Analysis Group (ANURAG).
- PARAM developed by the Pune-based Centre for Development of Advanced Computing (C-DAC).