Q9. Interpersonal communication is contextual. Explain it.
Ans. Interpersonal communication is contextual as communication does not take place in isolation. They are context specific:
- Psychological Context: It refers to who the communicators are and what they bring to the interaction. Their needs, desires, values, personality etc. all form the psychological context.
- Relational Context: This is concerning the nature of interaction and reactions and the where it way it all affect the communication process.
- Situational Context: Situational context refers to social concept of communication viz. an interaction that takes place in a classroom will be very different from one that takes place in a board room.
- Environmental Context: It is all about the surroundings in which communication takes place. Example: Furniture location, noise level, temperature, season, time of day etc. Are all examples of elements in the environmental context.
- Cultural Context: Cultural context includes all the learned behaviors and rules that affect the interaction. If one comes from a culture where it is considered rude to establish long, direct eye contact, one wheel out of politeness and avoid eye contact. If the other person comes from a culture where long direct eye contact signals trustworthiness, then we have a basis misunderstanding.