Q25. What is the difference between morals and ethics?
Ans. Following are the points of difference between ethics and moral:
- The word ethics is derived from ancient Greek word ethios which means character. The word moral is derived from Latin word mos which means custom.
- Character is the essence of values and habits of a person or a group. It serves the analysis and employment of concepts such as right and wrong, good and evil and acting with responsibility. Moral is defined as relating to principles of right and wrong.
- Character is a personal attitude, while custom is defined by a group over a period of time. For example, people have character, society have custom.
- Morals are accepted from an authority( such as cultural, religious etc.) while ethics are accepted because they follow from personally accepted principles. An ethical view might be based on an idea of personal property that should not be taken without social consent. Moral norms can usually be expressed as general rules and statements such as “always tell the truth”.
- Morals work on smaller scale then ethics, more reliably, but by addressing human needs for belonging and emulation, while ethics has a much wider scope.