Q29. Define the term para-language.
Ans. Para-language means ‘like language’. It is non verbal communication which is closely related to verbal communication. It is ‘like’ verbal communication because it is related to way the words are spoken. While verbal communication consists of ‘what’ and para-language involves the ‘how’ of a speaker’s voice or the ways in which the speaker speaks.
Various elements of para-language:
- Voice: Voice is the most important element of para-language. Voice conveys the message in a more effective way. However these points happy to be considered.
- Pitch variation: Pitch means highness or lowness of sound. This is essential and helps in catching the attention of the listener and maintaining the listener and maintaining the interest in the speech.
- Speaking speed: The speaking speed should neither be too fast nor be too slow. The speed should be such which insured fluency.
- Pause: Pause at the right movement can be very helpful in emphasizing the upcoming subject.
- Variation in volume: Volume means loudness of voice. Volume variation gives life into one’s speech.
- Non fluency: Speech is not always a continuous string of meaningful words. these pause are very often interested with sound or utterances like ‘ah’, ‘ch’, ‘hum’, ‘you know’ etc.
- Proper words stress: A speaker can change the meaning by putting stress on a word here or a word there in the same sentence.